Intrauterine Device (IUD)

What is IUD?

There are many chemical and surgical ways to avoid unwanted pregnancies and IUD is one of them. IUD stands for intrauterine device. One of the most common IUDs is Copper T. It has been named Copper T because it appears similar to the English alphabet “T”. It is wrapped in copper at the bottom and it needs to be inserted into the uterine wall of women. It is a proven technique to prevent unwanted pregnancies, however, in certain cases, it can lead to infertility over time.

Being a doctor in Indore for Gynecology-Obstetrics, we would like to let you know that, when it comes to avoiding unwanted pregnancies for a longer period, IUD is one of the best methods a woman can ever have. After using an IUD, if a woman wants to get conceive, it can be removed effortlessly. It is a temporary contraceptive solution that does not lead to sterilization.

How It Works

Like we said before, IUD is inserted in the uterine wall of women. When male sperm enters the vagina, IUD prevents it from reaching the egg by releasing copper which destroys the sperm, restricting egg fertilization and making women unable to conceive. It also works to replace the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium), making the endometrium wall not suitable for pregnancy. Despite IUD, even if the egg gets fertilized in the womb of a woman, it would not allow the egg to develop into an embryo. In most cases, it has been a preventive measure to avoid pregnancies.

With that said and being the best gynecologist in Indore, we would also like to inform you that, in around 2% – 10% of the cases, the IUD may move slightly out of its place or come out of the uterus completely. If this happens then you can be pregnant. Everything in this world comes with an expiry date and IUD is no different. IUD, if used, beyond its expiry date, may lead to pregnancy, damaging the walls. Hence, it is crucial to have a regular examination, especially during the initial months and in the third month after initiation of IUD.