Premature Ovarian Failure: Causes, Symptoms & Prevention

The age of getting pregnant is the most important factor for the women who want to become mothers. The fertility level decreases with the age and if you want to get pregnant then you have to do your best to maintain your fertility.

Premature ovarian failure is the most common cause for infertility. It is a condition where the ovaries stop producing hormones and this condition occurs when the age is around 40. If you are already 40 years old and still struggling for the pregnancy then you may be suffering from premature ovarian failure.

The symptoms of POF are:

  • Weight gain
  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Low sex drive
  • Depression
  • Menopausal mood swings
  • Loss of hair
  • Fatigue
  • Sleeplessness

These symptoms are mostly found in women who have not reached the menopausal stage yet.

What causes POF?

Most of the cases of POF are due to genetic factors, and in some cases the doctors are not able to identify the reason. In some cases it is caused by low levels of thyroid hormone.

Some women may be prone to POF because of excessive alcohol intake. Other factors include autoimmune diseases like Lupus, Hashimoto’s disease, and Graves’ disease.

Prevention of POF:

There are some measures that can be taken to prevent POF.

First and foremost, it is important to maintain a healthy diet. Women who are overweight or obese are more prone to POF. Hence, it is essential to control the weight.

It is very important to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Women who are stressed out, who are smoking, and who drink alcohol in excess are more likely to develop POF. Hence, it is important to avoid all these habits. It is important to take care of your health. Women who are physically active are less prone to POF.

If you are already suffering from POF, it is important to visit a gynecologist regularly and to check if everything is alright.


I hope that this article has helped you to understand the causes and symptoms of premature ovarian failure (POF). If you are already suffering from POF, then it is important to visit your gynecologist and to get treatment.