Uterine Inflammation: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Options

What is Uterine Inflammation?

Inflammation of the uterus (also called endometritis or endometrium) is characterized by an immune response in which white blood cells, cytokines, and inflammatory mediators are released into the uterine fluid. This most often occurs in the course of bacterial infections following parturition (childbirth), miscarriage, induced abortion, IUD use, and/or the presence of an active genital tract infection. It can result in fever, pain, and uterine contractions.

What Causes Inflammation of the Uterus?

An inflammation of the uterus is often caused by bacteria. The most common bacteria causing uterine infection include: streptococcus, staphylococcus, listeria and clostridium. Sometimes a chemotherapeutic agent such as mitomycin or doxorubicin (which is usually employed as part of cancer treatment) may cause a chemotherapy-associated inflammation of the uterus. A uterine infection can also be caused by a virus or fungus.

What Are Some Signs/Symptoms Of Uterine Inflammation?

The signs and symptoms of an active uterine Inflammation include: fever, chills, and vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, uterine cramping, and possibly scarring of uterus.

Uterine Infection Diagnosis:

In order to diagnose a uterine inflammation, the physician will take into consideration your medical history, clinical information (including signs & symptoms), physical exam findings, and laboratory tests. A pelvic exam is usually performed by the physician in order to identify the pathologic process of the uterine infection.

Uterine inflammation Treatment:

The treatment for a uterine inflammation depends on its severity. If the condition is mild, it can be treated at home with oral antibiotics. Sometimes a physician may prescribe 2 types of antibiotic to be taken separately, but at the same time. In some cases, intravenous (IV) antibiotics may be administered in order to treat the uterine infection.

Prevention of Uterine inflammation:

The best way to prevent a uterine inflammation is by practicing good hygiene and cleaning yourself properly after any activity. You can use an over-the-counter vaginal cream, tablets, or combination products to ease your vaginal itching, burning or discomfort. You can avoid inserting anything (including a tampon and fingers) into the vagina and steer clear of douching as this may actually make you more prone to infections.

Final Words:

Although an inflammation of the uterus happens suddenly and is no reason for alarm, contact your doctor immediately if you experience fever or other signs and symptoms of infection.